Learn how the constitutional protections against unreasonable searches apply to public school students.
The First Amendment protects public school students’ right to freedom of expression, but there are limits on free speech—especially in K-12 schools.
Learn what schools are required to do about bullying and harassment, when bullying is a crime, and what parents can do about it.
Schools have considerable leeway when punishing students, from detention to suspension or expulsion. But students have rights in school disciplinary proceedings.
Federal law guarantees special education services for students who need them because of physical, emotional, or learning disabilities. Learn about IEPs, eligibility, and special rules for disciplining special needs children.
Schools may require drug tests for some students in some circumstances. Learn how Fourth Amendment search-and-seizure rules apply to testing for illegal substances at school. ... Read more
If other students or teachers are harassing your disabled child, you might be able to sue the school. ... Read more
Students at public schools and universities have a constitutional right to express their beliefs by sitting out the pledge of allegiance or the national anthem. But in a few states, schools ... Read more
Public school students have a constitutional right to express their opinions in many different ways, from symbolic actions to social media posts. But there are limits, and the First Amendmen ... Read more
Students don’t lose their First Amendment rights by going to public school, but they can still be punished for some kinds of speech—or other ways of expressing their opinions. ... Read more
Students’ right to freedom of expression extends to the messages on their clothes, as long as they aren’t disruptive or vulgar. But schools can impose dress codes that aren’t meant to ... Read more
Schools have more leeway than police when searching students’ pockets, backpacks, lockers, and other belongings, but there are limits. ... Read more
If a teacher or principal searches your backpack or cellphone without a good reason, the search could be a violation of your privacy rights under the Fourth Amendment. ... Read more
Learn how Fourth Amendment protections against unreasonable search and seizure apply when school officials take students' smartphones or look at texts, pictures, and other data on the device ... Read more