Answered on Oct 07th, 2011 at 12:40 PM
Police must notify a person of their Miranda rights before taking them into custody or interrogating them. The same rules apply when the situation involves the questioning of minors. However, the police must take a person's age into account when determining whether the circumstances of a case merit a Miranda notification. Because of their relative immaturity and lack of experience, children cannot be viewed simply as miniature adults. A minors' comprehension of their situation may differ from that of adults their understanding of when a questioning constitutes custody will also differ. Minors may experience more acquiescence to authority, and so may require Miranda notifications in situations that would not trigger the Miranda requirement for adults. Therefore, the police may question a minor without parents or lawyer present if it is not a custody situation or if knowing the age and maturity and experience in deciding if the minor understood his rights.