RICO, or the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, is a federal law that was originally used to criminal prosecute organized crime, particularly leaders who ordered lower-level members to carry out criminal activity, but didn't commit crimes themselves. RICO also allows racketeering victims to take civil legal action against racketeers. In recent years, the law has been used against white collar criminals and drug traffickers. RICO attorneys may represent the victims of racketeering who want to pursue civil litigation. RICO lawyers also defend those facing criminal racketeering charges or civil lawsuits.